Python Programming Tutorial

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Introduction

  • Why Python? (Popularity, versatility, readability)
  • Setting up Your Environment (Installing Python, text editors/IDEs)
  • Your First Program (“Hello, World!” and basic output)
  • Interactive Mode vs. Scripts

Chapter 2: Basic Building Blocks

  1. Data Types
  2. Numbers (integers, floats)
  3. Strings (text)
  4. Booleans (True/False)
  5. Variables (Storing and naming values)
  6. Operators
  7. Arithmetic (+, -, *, /, %, //)
  8. Comparison (==, !=, <, >, <=, >=)
  9. Logical (and, or, not)
  10. Input from the User (input() function)
  11. Example: Body Mass Index (BMI) Calculator

Chapter 3: Control Flow

  1. Conditional Statements
  2. if, elif, else
  3. Nested conditionals
  4. Loops
  5. for loops (iterating over sequences)
  6. while loops (repeating with a condition)
  7. break and continue
  8. Example: Number Guessing Game

Chapter 4: Functions

  1. Defining Functions (def keyword)
  2. Parameters and Arguments
  3. Return Values
  4. Docstrings (Commenting for clarity)
  5. Scope (Global vs. local variables)
  6. Example: Fibonacci Sequence Generator

Chapter 5: Data Structures

  1. Lists (Ordered collections)
  2. Accessing, indexing, slicing
  3. Modifying lists (append, remove, etc.)
  4. Tuples (Immutable collections)
  5. Dictionaries (Key-value pairs)
  6. Sets (Unordered, unique elements)
  7. Example: Student Grade Management System

Chapter 6: Working with Files

  1. Opening and Closing Files
  2. Reading from Files
  3. Writing to Files
  4. with statement (Context manager)
  5. Example: Simple Text Analyzer

Chapter 7: Modules and Packages

  1. Importing Modules (import)
  2. Standard Library (math, os, datetime, etc.)
  3. External Packages (Installing with pip)
  4. Creating Your Own Modules
  5. Example: Using the requests Module for Web Interaction

Chapter 8: Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)

  1. Classes and Objects
  2. Attributes and methods
  3. __init__ constructor
  4. Inheritance (Creating hierarchies)
  5. Polymorphism (Method overriding)
  6. Encapsulation (Data hiding)
  7. Example: Building a Shape Calculator (Area and Perimeter)

Chapter 9: Error Handling

  1. try and except blocks
  2. Common Exception Types (ValueError, TypeError, etc.)
  3. Raising Your Own Exceptions

Chapter 10: Advanced Topics (Select a Few)

  1. Decorators
  2. Generators
  3. Regular Expressions
  4. Data Science Libraries (NumPy, Pandas)
  5. Web Development Frameworks (Django, Flask)

List of Python Examples

  • Python Program to Print Hello world!
  • Python Program to Add Two Numbers
  • Python Program to Find the Square Root
  • Python Program to Calculate the Area of a Triangle
  • Python Program to Solve Quadratic Equation
  • Python Program to Swap Two Variables
  • Python Program to Generate a Random Number
  • Python Program to Convert Kilometers to Miles
  • Python Program to Convert Celsius To Fahrenheit
  • Python Program to Check if a Number is Positive, Negative or 0
  • Python Program to Check if a Number is Odd or Even
  • Python Program to Check Leap Year
  • Python Program to Find the Largest Among Three Numbers
  • Python Program to Check Prime Number
  • Python Program to Print all Prime Numbers in an Interval
  • Python Program to Find the Factorial of a Number
  • Python Program to Display the multiplication Table
  • Python Program to Print the Fibonacci sequence
  • Python Program to Check Armstrong Number
  • Python Program to Find Armstrong Number in an Interval
  • Python Program to Find the Sum of Natural Numbers
  • Python Program to Display Powers of 2 Using Anonymous Function
  • Python Program to Find Numbers Divisible by Another Number
  • Python Program to Convert Decimal to Binary, Octal and Hexadecimal
  • Python Program to Find ASCII Value of Character
  • Python Program to Find HCF or GCD
  • Python Program to Find LCM
  • Python Program to Find the Factors of a Number
  • Python Program to Make a Simple Calculator
  • Python Program to Shuffle Deck of Cards
  • Python Program to Display Calendar
  • Python Program to Display Fibonacci Sequence Using Recursion
  • Python Program to Find Sum of Natural Numbers Using Recursion
  • Python Program to Find Factorial of Number Using Recursion
  • Python Program to Convert Decimal to Binary Using Recursion
  • Python Program to Add Two Matrices
  • Python Program to Transpose a Matrix
  • Python Program to Multiply Two Matrices
  • Python Program to Check Whether a String is Palindrome or Not
  • Python Program to Remove Punctuations From a String
  • Python Program to Sort Words in Alphabetic Order
  • Python Program to Illustrate Different Set Operations
  • Python Program to Count the Number of Each Vowel
  • Python Program to Merge Mails
  • Python Program to Find the Size (Resolution) of an Image
  • Python Program to Find Hash of File
  • Python Program to Create Pyramid Patterns
  • Python Program to Merge Two Dictionaries
  • Python Program to Safely Create a Nested Directory
  • Python Program to Access Index of a List Using for Loop
  • Python Program to Flatten a Nested List
  • Python Program to Slice Lists
  • Python Program to Iterate Over Dictionaries Using for Loop
  • Python Program to Sort a Dictionary by Value
  • Python Program to Check If a List is Empty
  • Python Program to Catch Multiple Exceptions in One Line
  • Python Program to Copy a File
  • Python Program to Concatenate Two Lists
  • Python Program to Check if a Key is Already Present in a Dictionary
  • Python Program to Split a List Into Evenly Sized Chunks
  • Python Program to Parse a String to a Float or Int
  • Python Program to Print Colored Text to the Terminal
  • Python Program to Convert String to Datetime
  • Python Program to Get the Last Element of the List
  • Python Program to Get a Substring of a String
  • Python Program to Print Output Without a Newline
  • Python Program Read a File Line by Line Into a List
  • Python Program to Randomly Select an Element From the List
  • Python Program to Check If a String Is a Number (Float)
  • Python Program to Count the Occurrence of an Item in a List
  • Python Program to Append to a File
  • Python Program to Delete an Element From a Dictionary
  • Python Program to Create a Long Multiline String
  • Python Program to Extract Extension From the File Name
  • Python Program to Measure the Elapsed Time in Python
  • Python Program to Get the Class Name of an Instance
  • Python Program to Convert Two Lists Into a Dictionary
  • Python Program to Differentiate Between type() and isinstance()
  • Python Program to Trim Whitespace From a String
  • Python Program to Get the File Name From the File Path
  • Python Program to Represent enum
  • Python Program to Return Multiple Values From a Function
  • Python Program to Get Line Count of a File
  • Python Program to Find All File with .txt Extension Present Inside a Directory
  • Python Program to Get File Creation and Modification Date
  • Python Program to Get the Full Path of the Current Working Directory
  • Python Program to Iterate Through Two Lists in Parallel
  • Python Program to Check the File Size
  • Python Program to Reverse a Number
  • Python Program to Compute the Power of a Number
  • Python Program to Count the Number of Digits Present In a Number
  • Python Program to Check If Two Strings are Anagram
  • Python Program to Capitalize the First Character of a String
  • Python Program to Compute all the Permutation of the String
  • Python Program to Create a Countdown Timer
  • Python Program to Count the Number of Occurrence of a Character in String
  • Python Program to Remove Duplicate Element From a List
  • Python Program to Convert Bytes to a String

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