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Full Stack Developer Roadmap 2022

Full Stack Developer Roadmap 2022

Full stack developer roadmap 2022:

Full-stack development can prove to be an excellent career choice because professionals in this field can supervise and handle any given situation during product development. In this article, I am going to give an overview on our topic to help you excel in the field of development.

Internet is full of websites, ranging from the simplest ones made by Tim Berners-Lee to a website made by a web development student to website made by companies and individuals for their professional purposes. There are some sites which are static and simple, with no functionality whereas on the other hand, we have complex websites with real time interaction. Making these websites requires having to do backend work, front end work, database management (if the site involves storing and using data), updating it timely and much more. If doing these whole work is an art, then a full stack developer is the artist.

A Full stack developer needs to expertise the enlisted arenas:

  • Front-end
  • Back -end
  • Database Management
  • Version Control
  • And lastly, choose the STACK which aligns with his work and brings out the best of him.

full stack developer roadmap 2022

FRONT END Full Stack Developer Roadmap

If you have a little back story of full stack web development, you would very well know what ‘front-end’ means. But if you are someone who is to start his/her journey through full stack development, then in simple terms front end refers to what the user sees. The buttons, background, text and font and much more are parts of frontend development.

HTML5, CSS and JavaScript are the pillars holding front end. HTML primarily is responsible for the framework of the site, CSS is the one responsible of making the site appealing and attractive and JavaScript, the last pillar is responsible for the interaction and functionality of the web page. Now, you very well know where to start your journey!!

Often in designing, even designing small stuff requires big code. For eg, creating a button using HTML requires a quite lengthy code and hence, it increases the chances of an error in code or some ither bugs. This is where the frameworks come in.

Frameworks is a set of resources, rules and pre written codes which are used by developers to give an extra out of the box look up to their websites. Frameworks allow the developers to reuse and edit the pre written codes according to their requirement and add the extra touch to their work.

Back to front end. The frameworks in the front end arena are mainly categorized into two sub categories:

  1. JavaScript based frameworks
  2. CSS based frameworks

JavaScript has many frameworks. The ones which are mostly used by the developers are :

  • Node.js
  • React.js
  • Vue.js
  • Angular.js

Every JavaScript framework has its own merits and demerits. If you want to have a deep go through of the best existing frameworks to use in 2022, do refer Top JavaScript Frameworks Worth Using In 2022.

Coming to the CSS based frameworks, which are:

  • Bootstrap
  • Tailwind CSS
  • Bulma

The first framework mentioned in the CSS based frameworks list, i.e. Bootstrap is quite popular, easy to use and preferred by web developers. It is quite basic and easy but at the same time, helps you to create amazing websites!!

Backend Full Stack Developer Roadmap

Back-end of a website is everything that you don’t see while using a website and the ‘behind the scenes’ of whatever actions that happens on the website. It has nothing to do with the appearance, look and presentation of the website. Back end ensures the functionality of the website, like for eg what should happen when a the button (which is made using HTML, CSS, JavaScript) is pressed solely comes under back end.

Unlike front end development wherein HTML, CSS and JavaScript were the only options for the developer, backend developer has a variety of languages from which he can choose. The languages which have been preferred by th back end developer in the past few years are:

  • Python
  • PHP
  • Java
  • C#

Just like front end, there are also back end frameworks which aid the back end developer to make websites easily and efficiently. The top front end frameworks preferred by the developers in the industry are:

  • Express.js
  • Next.js
  • Django
  • Ruby on rails

Each framework has its own benefits and drawbacks. Hence, one should properly work with all the frameworks closely on the personal project and then finalize the framework for his/her professional web application.

Database In Full Stack Developer Roadmap :

Database refers to ‘collection of data’. All the data the user enters on the site (like name, email id, etc.) or retrieving any data that the client asks for is done via database. Database and its management is a very crucial work because mixing or leaking of data can lead to severe outcomes. At the present times, the databases are categorized into three sub categories:

  1. SQL based databases:

These include database such as MySQL, SQLite, Postgres (Relational database management systems)

  1. Non SQL based databsae:

These include database such as MongoDB, Cassandra, Apache storm, Sphinx

  1. New database:.

These include database such as VoltDB and MemSQL.

full stack developer roadmap

VERSION CONTROL In Full Stack Developer Roadmap

Once the website it build, it is not the end!!

This field of web development constantly evolving. There are new frameworks, languages, updates and requirements which require the full stack developer to update the version of the website (this is what happens when they say site is under maintenance). One of best open-source platforms for version controls is Git Hub. A full stack web developer can keep a track of all the previous code and also get inputs from various developers to improve the website.

WHICH STACK TO USE In Full Stack Developer Roadmap?

Before jumping to the question, “What is STACK in Full Stack Developer Roadmap 2022 ?”  (

A web stack is the collection of software required for web development, containing a bare minimum of OS, a programming language, database software and a web browser.

There are a variety of STACK which a developer can choose from, of which the most popular ones are enlisted below:

  • MERN: MongoDB, Express, React, Node.js
  • MEAN stack: JavaScript, MongoDB, Express, Angular JS, Node.js
  • LEMP stack: JavaScript – Linux, Nginx, MySQL, PHP
  • LAMP stack: JavaScript – Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP
  • Django stack: JavaScript – Python, Django, MySQL
  • Ruby on Rails: JavaScript – Ruby, SQLite, PHP

Apart from these above mentioned STACKs, there are other stacks too such as Full-Stack Python, Full- Stack Django, etc which are worth using!!

The blog mentions all the stuff you need to expertise in order to be a full fledged full stack developer. But just knowing what and from where to learn is not enough. One also needs to have a proper practice. Hence, it is advised for a beginner to first learn HTML,CSS, Bootstrap and then have thorough practice of it through projects and internships. Then, one can jump in to learn the language or STACK he/she wishes to. One can also use community support such as on Stack Overflow, Discord, Google if he ever gets stuck without hesitation. But, remember to have daily practice in order ace the Full Stack Developer Roadmap 2022.

full stack developer roadmap 2022

To know more about Web Stack give this a read :What is Web Stack?

This article here on A Complete Full Stack Developer Roadmap 2022 pretty much sums up all that is needed to become a solid Full Stack Developer. Happy learning! 🙂

 

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Mohammad Arsh Vahora

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